Duns Scotus, John

(c. 1266-1308)
   A Scottish-born Franciscan scholastic philosopher and theologian, Duns Scotus died before he could produce a Summa Theologiae or even revise his existing works, such as his commentaries on Peter Lombard's Sentences. He is known for his views that the will could go against the intellect, that God had to become incarnate irrespective of sin and that the moral law was decreed by God, but necessarily so decreed. He also argued for a univocal account of language about God and creatures, defended realism against nominalism concerning universals, and claimed that different individuals could share every property except haecceity (and entailed properties). He was nicknamed 'the subtle doctor', but a less positive appreciation of him is detectable in the origin of our word 'dunce'. His work exercised considerable influence on the Franciscan order because of its forthright move away from a strict Thomism and reversion to a more old-fashioned Augustinianism.
   Further reading: Cross 1999 and 2004; Duns Scotus 1950-, 1987 and 1997-; Williams, Thomas 2003; Wolter 1990 and 2003

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • DUNS SCOTUS, JOHN° — (1265–1308), Catholic theologian and philosopher. Scotus opposed many of the views of thomas aquinas . Against Aquinas he affirmed the limitations of philosophy, and argued that the will is superior to the intellect, because the will is free… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Duns Scotus, John — born 1266, Duns, Lothian, Scot. died Nov. 8, 1308, Cologne Medieval Scottish philosopher and Scholastic theologian. He studied and taught at Oxford, where he joined the Franciscans, and later taught at the University of Paris, from which he was… …   Universalium

  • Duns Scotus, John — (ca. 1265–1308)    Known as the Subtle Doctor, the Franciscan friar Duns Scotus was one of the most influential and significant philosophers and theologians of the later Middle Ages. His elaborate and nuanced discussions promoted the importance… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Duns Scotus, John — See Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus, see Intellectual context (The) of later medieval philosophy: universities, Aristotle, arts, theology …   History of philosophy

  • Duns Scotus,John — Duns Sco·tus (dŭnz skōʹtəs), John. Known as “the Subtle Doctor.” 1265? 1308. Scottish Franciscan friar, philosopher, and theologian whose commentary on Lombard s Sentences challenged influential doctrines of Aquinas, including his optimistic view …   Universalium

  • Duns Scotus, John — (c. 1266–1308) Franciscan philosopher and theologian. It is known that John Duns, the Scot, was ordained in 1291, but his earlier life is largely uncertain. He lectured in Cambridge and Oxford, then Paris, where he became regent master of… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Duns Scotus, John — Giovanni Duns Scoto …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Duns Scot, John — altDuns Scot o Escoto, John/alt (Duns Scotus) ► (1265? 1308) Teólogo inglés. Aceptó la armonía de la razón y la fe, pero afirmando que las verdades de fe son materia exclusiva de ella; en cuestión tan discutida como la realidad de los universales …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Duns Scotus — Duns Scotus, John …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Duns Scotus — John Duns Scotus John Duns Scotus Full name John Duns Scotus Born c. 1265 Duns, Berwickshire, Scotland Died 8 November 1308 Cologne, Germany …   Wikipedia

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